The Effect of Legal Uncertainties on the Pharmaceutical Industry


    Amanda Cole-Heath * Department of Health Research, New Delhi, India | Cancer Research UK, London, UK
    Pavani Sagiraju Faculty of Law, Bilkent University, 06800 Bilkent, Ankara, Turkey


Pharmaceutical Industry, Legal Uncertainties, Regulatory Compliance, Strategic Decision-Making, Stakeholder Engagement


The pharmaceutical industry operates under stringent legal frameworks that are subject to frequent changes and interpretations, creating a landscape riddled with uncertainties. These uncertainties can impede strategic decision-making, regulatory compliance, and stakeholder engagement. This study aims to elucidate the effects of legal uncertainties on the operational, strategic, and interpersonal facets of the pharmaceutical industry, offering insights into how companies navigate these challenges. A qualitative research design was utilized, involving semi-structured interviews with 28 professionals from various sectors of the pharmaceutical industry, including regulatory affairs, R&D, legal, and corporate governance. Theoretical saturation was achieved to ensure comprehensive coverage of the topic. Data were analyzed using NVivo software to perform thematic analysis, allowing for the identification and exploration of recurring themes and concepts within the collected data. The analysis revealed three main themes: Regulatory Compliance Challenges, Strategic Decision-Making, and Stakeholder Perceptions and Reactions. Regulatory Compliance Challenges included subthemes such as Licensing Processes, Legal Risk Management, and Impact on R&D. Strategic Decision-Making covered Market Entry Strategies, Product Life Cycle Management, Investment Uncertainty, and Corporate Governance. Stakeholder Perceptions and Reactions encompassed Industry Reputation, Regulatory Relationships, and Employee Impact. Each category was populated with specific concepts illustrating the pervasive and varied impact of legal uncertainties. Legal uncertainties significantly influence various dimensions of the pharmaceutical industry. Effective navigation of these uncertainties requires robust compliance structures, proactive strategic planning, and vigilant management of stakeholder relationships. By understanding and addressing these challenges, pharmaceutical companies can enhance their resilience against legal risks and better support their operational and strategic objectives.


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How to Cite

Cole-Heath, A., & Sagiraju, P. (2024). The Effect of Legal Uncertainties on the Pharmaceutical Industry. Interdisciplinary Studies in Society, Law, and Politics, 3(1), 11-17.

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